Stránky žáka 63. + 4. třídy ZŠ Kaznějov - fž

Umělecké směry

Sekce Umělecké směry


Umělecké směry
A - Z



Umělecké směry - prvních 15
Impresionismus - 3195 položek Surrealismus - 346 položek Pop art - 17 položek
Abstraktní umění - 542 položek Futurismus - 49 položek Renesance - 7042 položek
Gotika - 259 položek Kubismus - 204 položek Expresionismus - 1075 položek
Secese - 803 položek Moderní umění - 9813 položek Rokoko - 2408 položek
Neoklacisismus - 1225 položek Dadaismus - 23 položek Manýrismus - 1083 položek


Impresionismus (1860 - 1890)
Impresionismus - 3195 položek
Term generally applied to a movement in art in France in the late 19th century. The movement gave rise to such ancillaries as American Impressionism. The primary use of the term Impressionist is for a group of French painters who worked between around 1860 and 1900, especially to describe their works of the later 1860s to mid-1880s. These artists include Frédéric Bazille, Paul Cézanne, Edgar Degas, Edouard Manet, Claude Monet, Berthe Morisot, Camille Pissarro, Auguste Renoir and Alfred Sisley, as well as Mary Cassatt, Gustave Caillebotte (who was also an important early collector), Eva Gonzalès, Armand Guillaumin and Stanislas Lépine. The movement was anti-academic in its formal aspects and involved the establishment of venues other than the official Salon for showing and selling paintings.

Boulevard Montmartre, morning, cloudy weather • Autor: Camille Pissarro • 1897

Snow at Argenteuil (Neige à Argenteuil) • Autor: Claude Monet • 1874 - 1875

The Buffet • Autor: Paul Cézanne

La Grenouillère • Autor: Auguste Renoir • 1869

Skating • Edouard Manet • 1877


Renesance (1300 - 1700)
Term generally used for periods that hark back to the culture of Classical antiquity. Though it has applications elsewhere, it is most often used to refer to that era in Europe, beginning approximately in the 14th century, in which a new style in painting, sculpture and architecture was forged in succession to that of Gothic and in which, in a broader cultural sense, the transition from the Middle Ages to the modern age was made. This period culminated in the High Renaissance, a brief phenomenon confined essentially to Italy in about the first two decades of the 16th century and supremely embodied in some of the work of that time by Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo and Raphael. Following this came that phase of the late Renaissance called 'Mannerism'.

The Pedlar (De marskramer) • Painter: Jheronimus Bosch •  circa 1500

Saint Eustace • Autor: Albrecht Dürer • 1500/1501

The Tower of Babel • Autor: Pieter Bruegel the Elder • 1563

The Census at Bethlehem • Autor: Pieter Bruegel the Elder • 1566


Gotika  • 1150 - 1375 • 259 položek
Gothic is a term denoting styles in the art and architecture of the West from about the mid-12th century to the 15th (Italy) or mid-16th (elsewhere). It was first used by Vasari to describe pre-Renaissance architecture, following humanist writers who had associated architecture before Brunelleschi with gente barbara or Germans. From the 18th century, when antiquaries distinguished a Romanesque style, Gothic was restricted to the centuries between Romanesque and the Renaissance.

Coronation of the Virgin • Autor: Lorenzo Monaco • 1414

The Armies of France and Burgundy with Martel in Prayer

Autor: Loyset Liédet, and Pol Fruit • Datum: written 1463 - 1465; illuminated 1467 - 1472